The term whistleblowing refers to the process by which an informant, the so-called whistleblower, reports illegal or fraudulent conduct within an organization.
The whistleblower is generally an employee who, while carrying out the work, becomes aware of wrongdoings, irregularities, illegal and potentially harmful behavior for the organization or the community and decides to report it within the public entity or company, authorities, or the media.
The whistleblower, therefore, plays a role of public interest, as informs the company or public entity he/she belongs to about the presence of issues and dangers related to the reported misconduct or unethical behaviour.
The whistleblower is protected by detailed national and international legislation which intends reporting as a manifestation of civic sense that helps prevent corruption and bring out situations that affect good administration, the interest of the company, or the community.
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